I came across that phrase in a NYT article and it surprised me a bit. It strikes me as a colloquialism that the style guide masters would have, if ever, only very recently allowed.
But look at this graph from Google Ngrams.
Maybe it's just that I'm wiped out from work, but I can't think of a way it would be used other than in this sense from the article:
The natural question is how long this situation can last. Fifty years ago a “woman doctor” was a gender-bending phenomenon. Now not so much.
And that sounds distinctly recent to me. The top Google hits support this sense.
There is, however, this, from a 1914 book.